Baby's 60th Birthday

BabyRadar’s predictive sense is drawn from the ‘wisdom of the alpha geeks in our midst‘ as we seek to collectively surface the emerging trends of the technology sector. However, from time to time, it’s appropriate to look back at the milestones that have shaped the digital industries which we all inhabit.

One of these milestones falls tommorow in the Northern city of Manchester, Great Britain, as the city honours the sixtieth anniversary of the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, the world’s first stored-program computer, affectionately known as ‘Baby’. Baby executed its first program on 21st June 1948, as part of an experiment utilising four cathode-ray tubes (the Williams-Kiilburn tube) as storage devices, incidentally also enabling random access to this stored memory. The program itself, was was designed to find the highest factor of 218, taking almost an hour and 3.5m operations to establish a solution.

A replica of Baby was revealed in 1998, celebrating it’s fiftieth anniversary, and is located at Manchester’s Museum of Science & Industry, coincidentally the venue for this week’s b.TWEEN conference of the UK’s creative and digital industries.

The implications of Baby’s inception were profound, not only enabling the storage of data, but also program code and the means to process it electronically; all the characteristics of what we take for granted as a computational machine. The Department of Computer Science at the University of Manchester, where Baby was born, was subsequently party to many other firsts, including the floating point machine, transistor-based computers and virtual memory. Along with the University of Bradford (my home town!), forty miles east over the Pennine Mountains, these universities were amongst the first to teach computer science in the UK.

It’s no coincidence that this region of the UK was at the forefront of technology – during the Victorian era, the cities of Northern England were the ‘Silicon Valley’ of the Industrial Revolution. Manchester has long been a global influencer culturally, economically and technologically.

Places such as Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds and Sheffield are undergoing a modern renaissance with an explosion of grassroots geekery, BarCamps, coworking communties, OpenCoffee meetups, tech conferences, even a Google office and the emergence of regional venture capitalists and startup culture. These may be the weak signals of an emerging technology hub – can this region produce another Baby?

You can find out more about Baby’s background, specifications and its inventors at the 60th anniversary celebratory site – www.digital60.org and also watch the BBC’s original news coverage.

(Coincidentally, George Dyson’s TED 2003 talk on the Birth Of The Computer was just posted a few days ago).

tags: ,
  • http://galaxyspectrum.com/ PR Ny

    Was this invention motivated as a result World War 2 and the preceding computer technologies?

    Or was this project put on halt because of the demands of World War 2?

    Here are a list of other related achievements to come from that university

    he University of Manchester has made a considerable contribution to the development of computing. This includes many “firsts” such as the first stored program computer, the first floating point machine, the first transistor computer and the first computer to use virtual memory.

  • airpark

    Finding the highest factor of 2^18 takes a second. It’s 2^17.

  • http://www.webmaster-eye.de Tobias

    Happy Bithday :)

  • http://Geekette19.blogspot.com Karen

    Airpark,

    I agree with your observation that “Finding the highest factor of 2^18 takes a second. It’s 2^17.” However, that assumes several years’ study of mathematics in order to make the solution self-evident.

    Was the question posed differently, entering the number as a string of many digits, rather than 2^18? The article isn’t clear.

    Anyway, I have heard of ENIAC and some of the other early computers, but “Baby” is new to me and quite interesting.

    Karen