- Researchers Can Slip an Undetectable Trojan into Intel’s Ivy Bridge CPUs (Ars Technica) — The exploit works by severely reducing the amount of entropy the RNG normally uses, from 128 bits to 32 bits. The hack is similar to stacking a deck of cards during a game of Bridge. Keys generated with an altered chip would be so predictable an adversary could guess them with little time or effort required. The severely weakened RNG isn’t detected by any of the “Built-In Self-Tests” required for the P800-90 and FIPS 140-2 compliance certifications mandated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
- rethinkdb — open-source distributed JSON document database with a pleasant and powerful query language.
- Teach Kids Programming — a collection of resources. I start on Scratch much sooner, and 12+ definitely need the Arduino, but generally I agree with the things I recognise, and have a few to research …
- Raspberry Pi as Ad-Blocking Access Point (AdaFruit) — functionality sadly lacking from my off-the-shelf AP.
Using ExpandoObject to create objects that you can add properties, methods, and events to.
Buy “C# 6.0 Cookbook” in early release.
Editor’s note: This is an excerpt from “C# 6.0 Cookbook,” by Jay Hilyard and Stephen Teilhet. It offers more than 150 code recipes to common and not-so-common problems that C# programmers face every day. In it, you’ll find recipes on asynchronous methods, dynamic objects, enhanced error handling, the Rosyln compiler, and more.
You want to be able to build up an object to work with on the fly at runtime.
ExpandoObject to create an object that you can add properties, methods, and events to and be able to data bind to in a user interface.
We can use
ExpandoObject to create an initial object to hold the
Name and current
Country of a person.
dynamic expando = new ExpandoObject();
expando.Name = "Brian";
expando.Country = "USA";
Once we have added properties directly, we can also add properties to our object in a more dynamic fashion using the
AddProperty method we have provided for you. One example of why you might do this is to add properties to your object from another source of data. We will add the
Introducing updated HTTP client support and JSON API integration.
Java 8 may only have been released a few months ago, but Oracle has already announced the first set of features that will be targeted for Java 9. On August 11th, Mark Reinhold, a Chief Architect for Java, made available an initial feature set to subscribers on the jdk9-dev mailing list.
The crop of features are being run under a relatively new process, known as Java Enhancement Proposals (JEP). This process allows new language and VM features to be prototyped and explored without the full weight of the normal Java standardization process, although the expectation is that suitable, successful JEPs would go on to formal standardization. There will, of course, be many other new features that will be introduced in Java 9, but in this post we are going to focus on two major enhancements — and examine how they relate to features added in Java 7 and 8.
Decorating content may no longer be enough
Thousands of people invented it independently. Millions use it without thinking about a broader context. It’s time to name it so we can talk about it.
Transformation is changing the way we look at the balance between clients and servers, our approach to formatting and layout, and our expectations of what’s possible on the Web. As applications shift from transformation on the server toward transformation on arrival on the client, transformation’s central role becomes more visible.
These practices have been emerging for a long time, in many different guises:
- In the Dynamic HTML days, scripts might tinker with the DOM tree as well as modify CSS presentation.
- Transformation was supposed to be a regular and constant thing in the early XSLT plans. Stylesheets on the client would generate presentation from clean blocks of XML content.
- New data format options evolved at about the same time that Ajax emerged. JSON offered a more concise set of programmer-friendly content tools. Many apps include a ‘bind JSON to HTML before showing it to the user’ step.
- Template systems now run on the client as well as the server. In many systems, templates on the server feed data to the client, which applies other templates to that data before presenting it to users.
- The HTTP powering Ajax still created a long slow cycle of interaction. WebSockets and WebRTC now offer additional approaches for collecting content with less overhead, making it easier to create many more small transformations.
- Some developers and designers have long thought of the document tree as a malleable collection of layout boxes rather than a deliberately coherent base layer. Separation of concerns? A dead horse, apparently. Recent debates over CSS Regions highlighted these issues again.
A solid foundation on which more meaningful learning can happen
As someone who has previously taught computer programming for nearly a decade, I’m often asked questions that involve “what’s the best way to go about learning to program computers,” or “what’s the best way to get a software engineering job,” or “how can I learn to build mobile or web apps?”
Most of the readers of this blog have probably faced the same question at some point in their career. How did you answer it? I’ve seen many different responses: “come up with an idea for an app and build it,” or “get a computer science degree,” or “go read The Little Schemer,” or “join an open-source project that excites you,” or “learn Ruby on Rails.”
The interesting thing about these responses is that, for the most part, they can be classified into one of two categories: top-down approaches or bottom-up approaches. Top-down approaches are informed by the opinion that it’s better to be thrown in the middle of an application or a framework which encourages the learner to piece together knowledge in that context. Many books and online tutorials use an explicit top-down approach, often starting with the basics of a popular methodology, framework or technology. The most visible example of this are books on Ruby on Rails — they almost always inevitably begin with a description of the Model-View-Controller design pattern, but defer the incredible number of non-obvious ideas that make it up (Object-Oriented Programming, for instance).
On the other hand, a bottom-up approach starts with the basics/fundamentals of programming and then slowly builds your knowledge over time. In contrast to top-down approaches, bottom-up approaches try to minimize the number of these non-obvious ideas that the learner has to take for granted. Khan Academy and Code Academy are two examples of online sites that use a bottom-up approach to teaching programming. For the most part, they completely leave out any specific framework and focus on fundamentals of programming.
Not ugly, not complicated
(If you’d like to know more about hypermedia in general, this interview provides more background.)
In his talk, Implementing Hypermedia Clients: It’s Not Rocket Science, Mike explored how hypermedia approaches drive conversation between clients and servers, and the application structures that result from those structures.
- 1:44 – “The Semantic Gap: Hypermedia tells us what we can do, but it doesn’t say why.”
- 6:04 – Hypermedia and application control information – links!
- 8:09 – Control factors – “I accept RSS, can you give me RSS?”
- 10:41 – Foundations of the class scheduling domain example
- 16:30 – “What is a hypermedia client that a human would use?”
- 19:24 – “Faithful Hypermedia Clients (FHCs) pass along whatever the server returns, and lets a human sort it out.”
- 31:20 – “So what’s a Hypermedia for machine client?… Makes choices, not waiting for a human”
- 33:25 – Working with Maze+XML
- 37:10 – The power of generic types
The power of a technology now taken for granted
A friend wanted to show me a great new thing in 1993, this crazy HTML browser called Cello. He knew I was working on hypertext and this seemed like just the thing for it! Sadly, my time in HyperCard and an unfortunate encounter with the HyTime specifications meant that I bounced off of it, because markup couldn’t possibly work.
I was, of course, very very wrong.
Markup with some brilliantly minimal hypertext options was about to launch the World Wide Web. The toolset was approachable, easy to apply to many kinds of information, and laid the foundation for greater things to come.
Insecure Hardware, Doc Database, Kids Programming, and Ad-Blocking AP
This summer, I’ve seen all kinds of programming approaches as I’ve bounced between the Web, XSLT, Erlang, and XML, with visits to many other environments. As I look through the cool new possibilities for interfaces, for scaling up and down, and for dealing with data, I keep seeing two basic patterns repeating: walking trees (of data or document structure), and handling events.
FtanML looks for the best of both
Today’s Balisage conference got off to a great start. After years of discussing the pros and cons of XML, HTML, JSON, SGML, and more, it was great to see Michael Kay (creator of the SAXON processor for XSLT and XQuery) take a fresh look at what a markup language should be.